Viking and Norman Footwear-From the 10th to 12th centuries, Europe emerged from the Dark Ages by uniting into nations and developing a mercantile capitalist economy. Crusaders, sent to free the Holy Land from Islamic occupation, brought back both technical knowledge and finery, whetting the appetites of nobles who craved more novelty. By the 14th century, quality textiles and fine leathers were being fashioned into shoes which became conspicuous displays of style and elegance, worn to express personal status. Fashion was born!
Among the clergy, a type of medieval shoe called “caliage” were used which was inspired by the boots worn by Roman soldiers.